PGDIS 502 – Intro to Indigenous Knowledge (2 Credits)

Rev Dr Jangkholam Haokip
Dr. Blateiskhem L. Nongbri
Last Update October 11, 2022
1 already enrolled

About This Course

Indigenous knowledge is a body of knowledge build up by local people through their experiences of living closely with nature down through the centuries. In the process of what is generally called ‘modernization’, the indigenous people and their knowledge has been marginalized and as the result, today, there are human-made disasters due to one-sided worldview. A full course on Introduction of Indigenous Knowledge is offered to provide basic information regarding Indigenous Knowledge or wisdom.

  • To introduce to the students basic understanding of Indigenous knowledge
  • To provide the opportunity for the students to get exposure to Indigenous knowledge in other parts of the world
  • To enable the students, identify both the strengths and limitations of Indigenous knowledge
  • To help the students, learn and appreciate their own traditional wisdoms

Learning Objectives

Students acquired knowledge and appreciate Indigenous Knowledge
Students got exposed to a wider context of indigenous knowledge
Students learned to appreciate and start using their own traditional wisdoms


  • Hiebert, Paul R, et el, Understanding Folk Religion: A Christian Response to Popular Beliefs and Practices (Michigan: Baker Books, 1999)
  • Shaw, Daniel & William R. Burrows, eds., Traditional Ritual as Christian Worship: Dangerous Syncretism or Hybridity? (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2018)
  • Yundaporta, Tyson, San Talk: How Indigenous Thinking Can Save the World (ebook)


1 Lesson

Unit I: Definition of Indigenous Knowledge

Definitions contributed by different scholars; The use of term ‘Indigenous Knowledge’ and ‘Indigenous Wisdom’; Aspects of Indigenous knowledge
Lesson 100:00
Lesson Assignment

Unit II: Indigenous Knowledge in other parts of the world

The Indigenous people in Canada; The Indigenous people in Australia; The Indigenous people in Africa and Asia

Unit III: Salient Features of Indigenous Knowledge in NEI

God-Human-World connections; Natural world as interdependent; Myths, Dreams and Signs; Knowing and Living; Health and Healing; Life here and hereafter

Your Instructors

Rev Dr Jangkholam Haokip


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Theological Education

  • February 2006–July 2011: Doctor of Philosophy, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
  • July 1997–April 1999: Master of Theology United Theological College, Bangalore, India
  • July 1994 – April 1996: Bachelor of Divinity Union Biblical Seminary, Pune, India
  • July 1990 - April 1993: Bachelor of Theology Union Biblical Seminary, Pune, India

Work Experience:

  • April 2017 - December 2019: Associate Professor, Dept of Theology and Ethics
  • Other Responsibilities:
    • Editor-in-Chief, UBS Journal since March 2016
    • Director, Research and Publications
  • April 2014 - March 2017: Assistant Professor of Theology
  • January 2001 - January 2006: Registrar –cum-Lecturer, Union Biblical Seminary, Pune, India. My responsibilities include; Administration of Academic Office and teaching contextual theologies including Dalit Theology, Tribal Theology, Liberation Theology and Indian Christian Theology.
  • July 1999 - December 2000: Liaison Officer, Union Biblical Seminary, Pune, India. My responsibility was to establish and strengthen partnerships between the seminary and local churches across denominations within India.

Thesis Supervisions:

  • BD/MDiv - both Senate of Serampore & ATA
  • MTh – both Senate of Serampore & ATA
  • DTh/DMin – Senate of Serampore
  • PhD – Martin Luther Christian University

Voluntary Work:

  • January 2020: Director, Bethesda Khankho Institute, Manipur, India
  • November 2021: Member, Research and Ethics Committee, MLCU, Shillong
  • March 2016 -December 2010: Senior Pastor, Kuki Worship Service Pune (KWSP)
  • October 2012 - March 2013: Leader, Glasgow International Christian Fellowship. This is part of the Renfield St Stephen church’s outreach ministry among internationals in the city of Glasgow.
  • January 2013 - June 2014: Secretary, Bethesda Khankho International (UK)(SCIO) registered with the Office of Scottish Charity Regulators, Charity Number SC04236.
  • August 1999 – January 2006: Chaplain, Kuki Worship Service, Pune, India This congregation consist of mostly university students of Northeast India studying in the city of Pune.
  • January 2005 – 2006: Founding President, Som-Inn, Pune, India. Derived from the people’s cultural tradition, Som-Inn is a residential learning centre for university students in the city of Pune where we provide support, mentorship and Christian discipleship for the residents. The aim of this project is to contextualize the Christian message of love in the people’s own cultural context while we prepare them for responsible global citizens.

Charity Initiatives: In 2009, founded a Charitable Organization called Bethesda-Khankho Foundation among Indigenous communities in Manipur, Northeast India with a vision to transform to transform. BKF has four main prjects including, Bethesda Som-In/Children Home, Bethesda Academy for Integral education, medical project among tribal communities and a Centre for Integrated studies specialised in Indigenous Studies. Ordination: Ordained by the Evangelical Churches Association (ECA), Evangelical Congregational Church of India (ECCI) on the 14th of March 2004. Publications:

  1. Haokip, J & David Smith, eds., Voices from the Margin: Voices from the Margins Wisdom of Primal Peoples in the Era of World Christianity (Carlisle: Langham Literature, 2022).
  2. Haokip, J & Haokip J. eds., Khankho a Kibulphu: Discovering Cultural Foundation (Imphal: Bethesda Khankho Foundation, 2017)
  3. Haokip, J & K. Sungjemmeren Imchen, eds., Becoming a Missional Congregation in the Twenty-first Century Indian Context (Delhi: ISPCK, 2016)
  4. Haokip, J. Colonisation, Identity and Search for Peace [A Transcribed text of and preliminary comments on Operations Against Kuki Tribes of Assam and Burma 1917-1919, A Colonial Document preserved at British Library, London, UK], Pune: Published by Author, 2015.
  5. Haokip, J. 2014. Can God Save My Village? A Theological Study of Identity among the Tribal people of North East India with a Special Reference to the Kukis of Manipur (Carlisle, UK: Langham Monograph, 2014).
  6. Haokip, J. 2011. Houbung Kithah Pat (Re-Visioning the Church for the Post-Centennial Witness for Christ), Lamphelpat, Imphal.

Articles in Books and Journals:

  1. Haokip, J. ‘A Contextual Theology of Khankho’ in Haokip, J & David Smith, eds., Voices from the Margin: Voices from the Margins Wisdom of Primal Peoples in the Era of World Christianity (Carlisle: Langham Literature, 2022).
  2. Haokip, J. ‘Evangelisation and Colonialism: The role of ‘Christianity’ in the Anglo-Kuki War’ in Letkhojam Haokip and Ngamjahao Kipgen eds., Against the Empire: Polity, Economy and Culture during the Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-1919, Delhi: Routledge, 2020).
  3. Haokip, J. 2016. ‘The Shift of Gravity of Christian Presence from the Global North to the Global South and its Implications for Northeasterners in India’ in Haokip, J & K. Sungjemmeren Imchen, eds., Becoming a Missional Congregation in the Twenty-first Century Indian Context (Delhi: ISPCK)
  4. Haokip, J. 2016. ‘The Kuki Mission 1910: Toward a Re-reading of Watkin Robers ‘the intruder’ and his message for the 21st century Christian witness in the context of emerging World Christianity’ 168- 180 in Witnessing to Christ in North East India, eds Marina Ngursangzeli and Michael Biehl, Regnum Edinburgh Centenery Series, Volume 31, Oxford: Regnum Books International.
  5. Haokip, J. 2015. ‘Khankho: An Exploration of Kuki Indigenous spirituality toward social and ecological peace’ UBS Journal Vols. 9.2 - 10.1.March 2016, pp.62-81.
  6. Haokip, J. 2014. “Implications of Having an Independent Missionary: A Review of the 1910 Kuki Mission”  International Bulletin of Missionary Reserch, April Issue.
  7. Haokip, J. 2002. ‘Issues Facing Tribal Christians in Northeast India Today’ 211-249 in Mark T. B. Laing, ed. The Indian Church in Context: Her Emergence, Growth, and Mission (Delhi: ISPCK)

Book Reviews:

  1. Liberating the Gospel: Translating the Message of Jesus Christ in a Globalised World, by David Smith (Darton, Longman and Todd, April 2016, Price Rs.1,182/ UBS Journal, Volume 10.2, November 2016.
  2. Beyond Literate Western Models: Contextualizing Theological Education in Oral Contexts. Edited by Samuel E. Chiang and Grant Lovejoy. Hong Kong: International Orality Network, 2013. Pp. 229. Paperback $14.95; Kindle $9.95 International Bulletin of Missionary Research, January Issue, 2015.

Research Experiences:

  1. As an expert Panel for online research project “Identifying the emerging roles of U.S. missionaries serving in the Majority World (Africa, Asia, and Latin America)” by  Karen Hatley, a Ph.D. candidate in leadership studies at Dallas Baptist University, USA. (October 2014 -
  2. Field Researcher for the topic, ‘Mass Movements among the Mala Madigas in Andra Pradesh and Nadars and Thevars in Tamil Nadu’ published in the book, F. Hrangkhuma, Christianity in India: Search for Liberation and Identity (New Delhi: ISPCK, 1998).


  1. ‘Impact of Christianity on Kuki people: A Preliminary observation’ in the Souvenir of Kuki Worship Service, Gauhati, 200
  2. ‘Celebrating Cultural Differences for Global Peace’ – online Journal Article

Participation at National and International conferences:

  1. Resource person at ‘South Asia Regional Creation Care Conference’ Part of the Lausanne/WEA Global Campaign for Creation Care and the Gospel Hotel View Bhrikuti, Godavri, Lalitpur, Nepal, 12 - 16th September 2016 Organised  by World Evangelical Alliance, Lausanne and EFICOR.
  2. Resource person at ‘Indigenous Ecological Spiritualties and Christian Faith17-20 August 2015 - Jogja, Indonesia, Organized by: Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana (UKDW), Nijmegen Institute for Mission Studies (NIM) and the World Council of Churches (WCC)
  3. Haokip, J. “Christianity and Identity: Opportunities, Risks & Responsibilities” presented at Rethinking Christianity Seminar November 15, 2014, Dorcas Hall, Lamka, Manipur, India.
  4. Haokip, J. “Kuki Mission 1910: Reclaiming the vision of Watkin Roberts for the 21st Century Kuki Communities in South Asia” presented at Unity Beyond Borders Conference November 21 & 22, 2013, St Paul’s Retreat Centre, Imphal, Manipur, India.
  5. Contributor: ‘Christian Mission and Kuki Identity; A Study in the Socio-cultural Impact of Protestant-Evangelical Mission on a Traditional Asian People’  presented at Yale-Edinburgh Conference, Yale University, June 27-29, 2013.
  6. ‘Ethnic Identity and Christianity: A call for fresh theological reflection’ – A Paper presented at the Ecumenical International Conference on “Human Identity and the Gospel of Reconciliation“  at Balatonfüred, Hungary from August 16-23, 2008 organised by IAMS.
  7. Resource person: ‘Gospel and Globalisation’ 2nd South ASia Youth Conference, Bangalore, India, June 8-14, 2005, Sponsored by Church Mission Society (CMS).
  8. Facilitator: ‘Called for Peace’ South Asia Youth Conference, Sri Lanka, May 23-30, 2002 Sponsored by Church Mission Society (CMS), USPG, Methodist church (UK), Church of Scotland and others.
  9. Resource Person: ‘The Role of Lay leaders in the church’ at Diamond Jubilee of the Evangelical Church Association, Manipur, India. 2013
  10. Haokip, J. ‘The Concept of Khankho: Re-Visiting Indigenous Life-world in the context of World Christianity’ Presented at University of Edinburgh, on 4th February 2020.


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Dr. Blateiskhem L. Nongbri

Visiting Faculty

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  • Academic Dean, Post Graduate Studies, John Roberts Theological College, Shillong.
  • Associate Professor & HoD, Department of History of Christianity and Mission Studies, John Roberts Theological College [JRTC], Shillong, India [Affiliated to the Senate of Serampore College (University)].
Qualification: D. Th [2006, United Theological College, Bangalore/ Senate of Serampore College (University)]. Professional Involvement: Executive Member: University Ethic Committee, Martin Luther Christian University [MLCU], Shillong, India. PhD Thesis Examiner:
  • North East Hills University [NEHU], & Martin Luther Christian University Shillong, India.
  • Founding Director, Dr. Homiwell Lyngdoh Centre for Indigenous Studies [Unit of JRTS], 2012-15, Shillong, India.
  • Vice President,  Fellowship of Indian Missiologists [FOIM], India.2015-17.
  • Chairman, North East India Society of Indigenous Studies [NEISIS], Shillong
  • Founding Editor, Indian Theological Journal.2007-14
Professional Membership:
  • Member: International Association for the Promotion of Christian Higher Education (IAPCHE), USA.
  • Member: International Association of Mission Studies, [IAMS], UK
  • Member: American Academy of Religion, USA.
  • Member: Church History Association of India [CHAI], Bangalore.
  • Life Member: Institute of Historical Studies, Kolkata.
  • Life Member: North East India History Association [NEIHA]
  • IASACT Fellow – [Chinese University of Hongkong]-2016
  • Research Fellow- Centre for South Asia Research [CSAR], Bangalore.2017.
  • American Academy of Religion – Individual Grant Award- 2019.
  • Lion Fund for Global Citizenship Scholarship, Wayne State University, Detroit, USA.
Invited Lecture:
  1. First Prof. B.C. Jyrwa Memorial Lecture. Organised by the Khasi Department , Shillong College Shillong on the 13th October 2019
  2. “Ka Jinglong Kawei Ka Jaidbynriew”. Presented at the Silver Jubilee Celebration of the Khasi Department, Jaintia Eastern College, Khliehriat, Meghalaya on the 8th December 2017.
  3. “Haba Im Ka Ktien – Im Ka Jaidbynriew.” Presented at the Platinum Jubilee Celebration of the Khasi Department, Lady Kean’s College, Shillong on the 14th November ,2016.
  1. Books
    1. Khasi Vernacular:
      1. Ka History Lyngkot Shaphang Ka Revival ha Ri Khasi –Jaintia: 1905-1907(Shillong: NEISIS, 2005) [A Brief History of the Revival Movement in Khasi Jaintia Hills (1905-1907)].
      2. Ka History Lyngkot jong Ka John Roberts Theological Seminary (Formerly known as Cherra Theological College), 1887-2012. [A Brief History of the John Roberts Theological Seminary (Formerly known as Cherra Theological College), 1887-2012 (Shillong: KJP Assembly, 2012)].
    2. Edited Books:
      1. Ka Jingim bad Jingtrei U Rev. Dr. John Roberts: U Kpa ka Khasi Literature [Life and Work of Rev. Dr. John Roberts: Father of Khasi Literature (Shillong: JRTS, 2007) [contains articles written both in Khasi and English]
      2. Theological Education in North East India: Problems and Prospects (Essays in Honour of Late Rev. Dr. John Roberts) (Shillong: JRTS, 2008).
      3. Ka Jingim Bad Jingtrei U Dr. Homiwell Lyngdoh [Life and Work of Dr. Homiwell Lyngdoh (Shillong: HoLCIS, 2012).
  2. Articles: [Selected]
    1. “Reforming the Reformed Church and Society: Role of Rev. Thomas Jones as a Reformer in the Khasi Jaintia Hills of North East India, 1841-1849,” in Indian Church History Review , Vol 53/No 1 ( January, 2019)
    2. “Missionary Contestations and Social Transformation in the Khasi Jaintia Hills.” In The Proceeding of North East India History Association, 39th Session, Shillong, Synod College, 2018.
    3. “Change and Continuity: An Analysis of the Interaction of Khasi Traditional Religion with Christianity,” in Christianity in Indian History: Issues of Culture, Power and Knowledge. Edited by Pius Malekandathil, Joy L.K.Pachau and Tanika Sarkar (Delhi: Primus Books, 2016).
    4. “Welsh Presbyterian Mission and the Development of Protestant Christianity in North East India during the Nineteenth Century,” in Studies on The History of the Church in India: Festschrift for Dr. Joseph Thekkedathu S.D.B. Edited by Joy Kaipan (Bangalore: Kristu Jyoti Publication, 2011).
    5. “Language, Literature and Tribal Identity: A Study of the Interaction of Christianity with the Khasi Traditional Culture,” in T.B. Subba, Joseph Puthenpurakal and Shaji Joseph Puykunnel, eds., Christianity and Change in Northeast India (New Delhi: Cosmo Publications, 2009).
    6. “Serampore Mission in North East India with special reference to Khasi Hills (1813-1838): A Historical Survey,” Indian Theological Journal, Vol.2. No.2 (July-December, 2008).
  3. Academic Paper Presented/Submitted:  [Selected]
    1. International
      1. “Onslaught of the Empire, Bengali Hegemony and Missionary Intervention:   Khasi Language, Literature and Identity Formation in the Colonial Context of North East India.”Presented at the 2nd International Conference on Indigenous Languages: Towards Sustainable Multilingualism, held at IIT Madras, 13-15 February 2020.
      2. “The First World War and the Development of Christianity in North East India”. Presented at the conference on, Mission and Decolonial Perspective: the First World War as Catalyst of a Global Process” held at Humboldt University in Berlin, 12-14 October 2017.
      3. “Colonialism, Christian Mission and ‘Tribal’ Culture in North East India: A Historical Appraisal”. Presented at IASACT Conference, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 13th June 2016, Hong Kong.
      4. “Seng Khasi Movement - A Cultural Resistance to Colonial Intrusion: A         Historical Appraisal.” Presented at the Conference held at the University of Delhi, November 22-24, 2015. The seminar was jointly organised by Melbourne University Australia, Toronto University, Canada and University of Delhi.
      5. “Displacement, Migration and Citizenship: A Study of the Condition and Struggle of Chakmas in Arunachal Pradesh for Indian Citizenship”. Presented at the Eleventh Annual Conference in Citizenship Studies, Wayne State University, Detroit, USA ; March 20-22, 2014.
      6. “Welsh Presbyterian Mission, Health Care and Growth of Christianity in North East India: A Historical Analysis”. Presented at the Conference held at Yale University, USA; June 26-29,  2013.
      7. “Colonialism, Migration and Fragmented Identity - The Story of the Chakmas in South Asia: A Missiological Response.” Presented at the Conference held at Wycliffe College, Toronto University, Canada; August 15-20, 2012. Organised by IAMS.
      8. “Change and Continuity: An Analysis of the Interaction of Ka Niam Tynrai [Khasi Traditional Religion] with Christianity.” Presented at the International Conference on “Christianity in History: Encounters, Engagements and Experiences.” Organised by the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. From 2-4th February, 2011.
    2. National
      1. “Missionary Contestations and Social Transformation.” Presented at a National seminar on: Education for Transformation – Revisioning Mission in The Context of North East India. Organised by the Senate of Serampore College, 24-26 July, 2018, Shillong.
      2. “Seng Khasi Movement as a Cultural Resistance to Colonial Intrusion: A Historical Appraisal”. Presented at the national seminar on: Northeast India – Changing Contexts, Shifting Meanings & Transformation of Traditions, held at Holy Cross College, Agartala. 16-18 November, 2018,
      3. “U Synniang Jong Ki Mishoneri na Ri Wales sha ka Seminary,” Presented at the Symposium on “The Beginning of Written Khasi Language and Literature”. Organised by the department of Khasi, NEHU, Shillong, 28th February, 2017.
      4. “Recent Trends in the Writings of the History of Christianity in North East India.” Presented at the National Seminar on “Historiography and Methodology of History of Christianity in India,” 8th-11th, November, 2010, held at United Theological College, Bangalore, India.
      5. “A Historical Analysis of the Nature and Pattern of Religious Conversion among the Khasis during the Nineteenth Century,” Presented at the National Seminar on Religion and Society in North East India From 18th Century to Contemporary Times, 25th -28th, November, 2009. Organised by Department of History, North Eastern Hills University, Shillong, India.
      6. “Methodological and Historiographical Approaches for the Study of Christianity in Indian Context.” Presented at the National Seminar on “Christianity and National Integration,” on the 14-15th October, 2008 at Shillong. Organised by Synod College, Shillong, India.
      7. “Language, Literature and Identity: A Study of the Interaction of Christianity and Khasi Traditional Culture,” Presented at the National Seminar on “Cultural Change Among the Tribes in Northeast India”, 26-28, October,2006, Organised by the Anthropology Department , North Eastern Hills University, Shillong, India.
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